Rotherham, Thomas

, Archbishop of York
(1423–1500)
   Chancellor of England under EDWARD IV, and a political client of Queen Elizabeth WOODVILLE, Thomas Rotherham, archbishop of York, supported the house of YORK until he fell into disfavor with RICHARD III in 1483.
   Born into a Yorkshire gentry family and educated at a local grammar school, Rotherham was elected a fellow of King’s College, Cambridge, in 1444. He held various ecclesiastical livings in the 1450s and 1460s and took a degree at Oxford in 1463. In the late 1450s, he became chaplain to John de VERE, the future Lancastrian earl of Oxford, who may have introduced Rotherham to the COURT of HENRY VI. Here he may have met Elizabeth Woodville, then the wife of Sir John Grey and a lady-in-waiting to Queen MARGARET OF ANJOU. After her marriage to Edward IV in 1464, Elizabeth became Rotherham’s patron, and she was likely responsible for his appointment as keeper of the royal privy seal in 1467. Rapidly gaining the king’s confidence, Rotherham was named to diplomatic missions to FRANCE and BURGUNDY and became bishop of Rochester in 1468. He did not support the READEPTION government of Henry VI, and in the spring of 1471 warned Edward IV, who was then returning from exile to reclaim his Crown, not to attempt a landing on the closely watched coast of East Anglia (see Edward IV, Restoration of). In March 1472, Edward promoted Rotherham to the bishopric of Lincoln, and in 1474 the king appointed him chancellor of England. Like many of Edward IV’s bishops, Rotherham was a man of humble origins who was promoted to high church office because of his loyalty to the king and his usefulness in secular government. Rotherham accompanied Edward on the French expedition of 1475 and was one of the English lords who received a large pension from LOUIS XI of France. Said to be skilled in managing PARLIAMENT, Rotherham opened the tense 1478 session that condemned the king’s brother, George PLANTAGENET, duke of Clarence. In 1480, Rotherham became archbishop of York. On Edward’s death in April 1483, Rotherham’s connections with the queen made him suspect in the eyes of Richard, duke of Gloucester, the late king’s only surviving brother, who believed the WOODVILLE FAMILY was seeking to deprive him of the regency. Rotherham intensified the duke’s mistrust by surrendering the Great Seal of England, the seal entrusted to the chancellor for the authentication of official documents, to the queen after fear of Gloucester drove her to SANCATUARY at Westminster in early May 1483. Thinking better of this act, Rotherham quickly recovered the Great Seal, but on 10 May Gloucester, now acting as protector for EDWARD V, replaced the archbishop as chancellor with Bishop John RUSSELL. On 13 June, Gloucester arrested Rotherham, along with William HASTINGS, Lord Hastings, and other likely opponents, at a COUNCIL meeting held in the TOWER OF LONDON (see Council Meeting of 13 june 1483). Although released shortly thereafter through an ROTHERHAM, THOMAS, ARCHBISHOP OF YORK 237 appeal from Cambridge University, which he served as chancellor, Rotherham took little further part in government, either during Richard III’s reign or during the reign of HENRY VII. Noted in later life as a prominent benefactor of the English universities, Rotherham died in 1500.
   See also Usurpation of 1483
   Further Reading: Ross Charles, Edward IV (New Haven, CT:Yale University Press, 1998); Ross, Charles, Richard III (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas Herring — Archbishop of Canterbury Enthroned 1747 Reign ended 1757 Prede …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Rotherham — Infobox Archbishop of York name = Thomas Rotherham caption=Portrait of Thomas Rotherham from Historic Notices of Rotherham , by John Guest,1879 birth name = Thomas Rotherham consecration = translated 7 July 1480 began = unknown term end = 29 May… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Hill (Rotherham) Ltd — Thomas Hill (Rotherham) Limited was a company which repaired and sold steam road vehicles, diesel and electric road vehicles and railway locomotives. It later made its name building and rebuilding diesel locomotives.HistoryThe Company was founded …   Wikipedia

  • Rotherham United F.C. — Rotherham United Full name Rotherham United Football Club Nickname(s) The Millers Founded 1888 …   Wikipedia

  • Rotherham — Rathaus von Rotherham Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Rotherham — (portrait du XIXe siècle). Thomas Rotherham (24 août 1423 – 29 mai 1500) est un ecclésiastique anglais. Il est évêque de Rochester de 1468 à 1472, évêque de Lincoln de 1472 à 1480 et enfin archevêque d York de 1480 à sa mort …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Rotherham College — is a college for 16 to 19 year olds. It is located in Rotherham, South Yorkshire. Its name is derived from the Fifteenth century cleric Thomas Rotherham. The current principal is Dr Richard Williams.External… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Hill — may refer to:People*In the arts: :* Thomas Hill (actor), American actor:* Thomas Hill (author), English Gardening Author:* Thomas Hill (clarinetist), principle clarinetist with the Boston Philharmonic and member of the Boston Chamber Music… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Wentworth, conde de Strafford — Thomas Wentworth, en torno a 1639, retrato de van Dyck. Thomas Wentworth, I conde de Strafford (13 de abril de 1593 12 de Mayo de 1641) fue un estadista inglés y una destaca figura de la época previa a la Guerra Civil Inglesa. Formó parte del …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford — (April 13, 1593 ndash; May 12, 1641) was an English statesman and a major figure in the period leading up to the English Civil War. He was born in London, the son of Sir William Wentworth, of Wentworth Woodhouse, near Rotherham, a member of an… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.